prophesied before the exile in 587 bce.
In this passage, he uses the metaphor of a shepherd to describe the bad kings
who have scattered the “flock” of Israel. God promises to gather the flock
and to raise up a new king from David’s line to save Israel and Judah.
1Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the
sheep of my pasture! says the Lord.
thus says the Lord,
the God of Israel, concerning the shepherds who shepherd my people: It is you
who have scattered my flock, and have driven them away, and you have not
attended to them. So I will attend to you for your evil doings, says the Lord.
I myself will gather the remnant of my flock out of all the lands where I have
driven them, and I will bring them back to their fold, and they shall be
fruitful and multiply.
4I will raise up shepherds over them who will
shepherd them, and they shall not fear any longer, or be dismayed, nor shall any
be missing, says the Lord.
5The days are surely coming, says the Lord, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. 6In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. And this is the name by which he will be called: “The Lord is our righteousness.”
of David building a house (temple) for the Lord, the Lord promises to establish
David’s house (dynasty) forever. Centuries later, after the Babylonian exile,
no king sat on the throne. Even then, however, the Israelites remembered this
promise and continued to hope for a king, the messiah, the Lord’s anointed.
1Now when the king was settled in his house, and the
Lord had given him rest from all
his enemies around him, 2the king said to the prophet Nathan, “See now, I
am living in a house of cedar, but the ark of God stays in a tent.” 3Nathan
said to the king, “Go, do all that you have in mind; for the Lord
is with you.”
4But that same night the word of the Lord came to Nathan: 5Go and tell my servant David: Thus says the Lord: Are you the one to build me a house to live in? 6I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent and a tabernacle. 7Wherever I have moved about among all the people of Israel, did I ever speak a word with any of the tribal leaders of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?” 8Now therefore thus you shall say to my servant David: Thus says the Lord of hosts: I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep to be prince over my people Israel; 9and I have been with you wherever you went, and have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. 10And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may live in their own place, and be disturbed no more; and evildoers shall afflict them no more, as formerly, 11from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel; and I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. 12When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14aI will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to me.
Lord is my shepherd; I shall not be
in want. (Ps. 23:1)
is my shepherd;
I shall not | be in want.
2The Lord makes me lie down | in green pastures
and leads me be- | side still waters.
3You restore my | soul, O Lord,
and guide me along right pathways | for your name’s sake.
4Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I shall | fear no evil;
for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they | comfort me. R
5You prepare a table before me in the presence | of my enemies;
you anoint my head with oil, and my cup is | running over.
6Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days | of my life,
and I will dwell in the house of the | Lord forever. R
love, O Lord, forever will I sing. (Ps. 89:1)
have found Da- |
vid my servant;
with my holy oil have I a- | nointed him.
21My hand will | hold him fast
and my arm will | make him strong.
22No enemy | shall deceive him,
nor shall the wicked | bring him down.
23I will crush his | foes before him
and strike down | those who hate him. R
24My faithfulness and steadfast | love are with him,
and he shall be victorious | through my name.
25I will set his hand | on the sea,
and his right hand | on the rivers.
26He will say to me, ‘You | are my father,
my God, and the rock of | my salvation.’
27I will make | him my firstborn
and higher than the kings | of the earth. R
28I will keep my love for | him forever,
and my covenant will stand | firm for him.
29I will establish his | line forever
and his throne as the | days of heaven.”
30If his children for- | sake my teaching
and do not walk according | to my judgments;
31if they | break my statutes
and do not keep | my commandments;
32I will punish their transgressions | with a rod
and their iniquities | with the lash;
33but I will not take my | love from him,
nor let my faithful- | ness prove false. R
34I will not | break my covenant,
nor change what has gone out | of my lips.
35Once for all I have sworn | by my holiness:
I will not | lie to David.
36His line shall en- | dure forever
and his throne as the | sun before me;
37it shall stand fast forevermore | like the moon,
the abiding witness | in the sky.” R
author of this letter is reminding his audience that originally they were not
part of God’s chosen people. Through Jesus’ death, however, they are
included in God’s household of faith, whose cornerstone is Jesus Christ.
11Remember that at one time you Gentiles by birth,
called “the uncircumcision” by those who are called “the
circumcision”—a physical circumcision made in the flesh by human hands—12remember
that you were at that time without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of
Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without
God in the world. 13But
now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the
blood of Christ. 14For he is our peace; in his flesh he has made both
groups into one and has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility
between us. 15He
has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, that he might create
in himself one new humanity in place of the two, thus making peace, 16and
might reconcile both groups to God in one body through the cross, thus putting
to death that hostility through it. 17So he came and proclaimed peace to you who were far
off and peace to those who were near; 18for
through him both of us have access in one Spirit to the Father. 19So
then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are citizens with the
saints and also members of the household of God, 20built upon the foundation of the apostles and
prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. 21In
him the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy temple in the
whom you also are built together spiritually into a dwelling place for God.
Jesus sent his disciples out to teach and heal, they ministered among large
numbers of people. Their work was motivated by Christ’s desire to be among
those in need.
30The apostles gathered around Jesus, and told him
all that they had done and taught. 31He said to them, “Come away to a deserted place
all by yourselves and rest a while.” For many were coming and going, and they
had no leisure even to eat. 32And they went away in the boat to a deserted place
by themselves. 33Now many saw them going and recognized them, and
they hurried there on foot from all the towns and arrived ahead of them. 34As
he went ashore, he saw a great crowd; and he had compassion for them, because
they were like sheep without a shepherd; and he began to teach them many things.
53When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret and moored the boat. 54When they got out of the boat, people at once recognized him, 55and rushed about that whole region and began to bring the sick on mats to wherever they heard he was. 56And wherever he went, into villages or cities or farms, they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged him that they might touch even the fringe of his cloak; and all who touched it were healed.
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